Missing Cay

Hello All- Yun’s back.

Not sure 2015 student post is allowed in the blog anymore or no, but I believe it will be good to share my journey! After end of the amazing semester, I gave myself two more weeks for exploring Europe. As most of people know, I spent so much time to decide which countries I should go during the entire semester. Of course I want to go everywhere, but limited time, short money. So much things to say about each day but I’m just done this wandering life, and just sit on the random column structure in JFK airport, waiting for the flight back to Minneapolis. (Midnight to 6 in the morning….) Maybe I need to take this entire summer break to documentize all pictures and thoughts

Among those many countries I visited, I also went back to Italy for the World Expo 2015 held in Milan this time. I went to South Korea one about 3 years ago and very enjoyed it, so I was very excited. Milan visit was entirely for the Expo. I was in Switzerland before and took about 4 hours of bus ride. Those 4 hours from Zurich to Milan was the best ground level transportation experience in my life. (If that’s the word) I don’t know how to describe it and photo could never explain what I saw. It was just beautiful.

Anyways, I instictly realized I got into the Italy after I saw a series of brown roofs. My initial plan for Millan was entirely for the Expo, but I talked with Ken, one of the supporters of this Rome-Istanbul study abroad program, and he get me a chance to have a meeting with the local artist, Marco. I’ll talk about this later but after I said about the redish-brown roof, he said he didn’t realized it since it was always around him.

Alright- back the expo. This year’s theme is about Feeding planet and Energy for life. Each country has each pavilion along with the one same theme and combining the country’s traditional or characteristics.

Meaning of the Expo


List of Word Expositions


Some helpful Archdaily articles


This is just a half of all site!

From my long term of wandering life, there were so many countries I wanted to look closely in the expo. Of course in architectural wise, from studying archdaily, I had a list of building I want to look closer, but more than that contry wise (it’s funny to say differently) Of course, Italy and Turkey was in very high priority. Since it’s held in Italy, Italy had very big portion of the site, and there are some of very familiar elements such as Eataly, Peroni and so on. The biggest pavilion is the bird nest shaped building, which reminded me the facade of Beijing Olympic’s main stadium by Herzog and De Meuron.


Here is the link for the architecture. One thing I want to point out was from looking all different countries architecture, I can say some of them are very representing the country’s characteristic, traditional, some of them are not what I meat by that is more modern, sometimes very technical. I was kind of wondering why Italy has the nest façade building since I thought Expo pavilions suppose to represent the country. ( I actually had same question to the Korean one) In that reason, it is worth to read.

Now turkey!


Honestly say, before the architecture, the first thing I was looking for at the Turkish Pavilion was Cay!!!!! And they actually have it! It was 2 Euro, which was 4 times expensivier than Turkey, but since it’s expo, Fare! But the thing is, the girl at the bar couldn’t even speack any Turkish. She said she’s just a volunteer, but I proudly say teşekkür to her. Cay was great! It had been more than a week I left Istanbul, and feels like missing home. Architecture wise, what my group was studied for history class, Ismik tile works are very significant element among the pavilion, also didn’t forget about the secret geometry, and little seating area shaped fountain in the mosque. Most of all, compared to other countries, has very wide open courtyard. Still need to figure out the reason behind ceiling and wall geometric structure.


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Me first got a Cay (Is this real?)

About to try a sip (Happy)

Me after drink a sip (Already?)

More then a half is gone! (Oh no-)

I realized now I’m back in the America from the water fountain in front of the bathroom at the airport. Even though I’m very poorly sitting on very cold and thick Steel, exhausted from the long flight and long time layover and hunger, I’m very happy at this point, writing this with full of memories that can’t even explain all. Still can’t believe this semester is over, and my dreamed travel is over. If too many selfies are burden, I am willing to delete some!

It was very overwhelming trip. I met so many well known architects in two weeks. End of the travel was in Barcelona, and spent a day in Mies’ Barcelona Pavilion. Should save words for later. I can see the contents are very displaced but I wish all get my excitement about all the things happened to me in two weeks.  Life experiences!


Interesting articles about the future Expo within Turkey.


Cay is special. I remember Ozayr was judging me getting Starbucks, but see where I am now! Connect me from Istanbul, to Millan, and where the next place will be?


Bernini and Borromini

As a brief introduction, Bernini and Borromini were two architects leaded the seventeen century’s Baroque architecture in Italy. Well, also it’s hard to define them as only an architect, sculptor, just genius master artists. They are also well known for the rival of the century. They lived in the exactly same century, their age is not even one year difference. However except that they were same age, there was no similarity between them. They had very different background, personality.

Bernini was praised from his youth as a prodigy, his client were the best supporters were very important people in Rome, including pope and the cardinals. Compared to this, Borromini was the son of a stonemason and began his career as a stonemason. Fate led him to meet Bernini in the St. Peter’s Basilica construction. Borromini showed Bernini some of his sketches, and Bernini gave him a promise that he’ll give him a job as an architect, I guess he was so impressed by same age young new architect. What they’d experienced influences their personality and it all showed up in their works. 10994339_743836395731794_6366486692343007410_n 10407231_743836482398452_5148328232771481138_n

These pictures are Boromoni’s San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane. Every spaces are very geometric. Even though so much use of curves, even curve itself too, all from very simple geometry. The complicated patterns are very proportional, and the natural light is amazingly embraced into the interior space.


This is the interior of Bernini’s Sant’Andrea al Quirinale. As you can see, the sculpture is breathtaking. Not only from the very detailed physical structure itself, I was very surprised about the material, and try to touch every part that I can reach as much as possible. If I need to compared these two churches, San Andrea is set back from the street. Curved stairs lead people to the entrance, and two iconic columns were stood up at the entrance.

When Ozayr asked the question at the end of the two churches tour about which one do you prefer to everyone in the group, I was hiding some of my friends’ back and wait till the last minute, debating myself, thinking about the reasons, and I really wished he forgot about me and it worked! I escaped from one of the hardest question in the world. At this point, I’m more like yo be on the side of the ‘weak.’ Still many people confuse about Bernini and Bormini’s name, honestly I was the one who always confuse their name even until a few years ago.  But the fun thing is, at this point, I can tell their characteristic from their name. It could sound like restrained interpretation, but Bernini sounds more like bourgeois, and Borromini more sounds like blue, some dark feeling from somewhere I don’t know. Maybe it is because now I understand their characteristic and actually saw their work and felt it from their evidence. I remember one of our Rome professor Paulo said he considers  Bernini as an  amazing sculptor, and Boromini as an amazing architecture. And after these two churches experience, it’s hard to say but I agree with that.


There are so many famous story about Bernini and Borromini in Piazza Navona, actually all around Rome. Some called they are great competitors each other back in that time, and it was a intense competition, and also called as ‘revenging’ each other. However, whatever the true reason is, I concluded that because of they existed in the same period, it made possible to create all those intensive, enormous, all those great adjective architecture in Roman period. Until now all those people over the world can learn, enjoy them, plus have something to joke about it. I’m very appreciated about it and I’m sure all we do in school together is a part of same thing, learning from each other. There’s so many things to say about these two amazing people! Now I dont know how to call them as I already said differently as sculptor and architect and I feel bad myself to call those two great great people as something. At this last minute, I asked around some people next to me try to  finalize this complicated issue, but the fun thing is one of them said (Skyler) He likes Bernini better, since he does way more geometric works. One of them (Megan) said she likes Borromini better cause he did more mathematical, geometrical works. So….. Who knows? What’s your opinion?

Mamertine Prison

IMG_7823 Compared to other very famous architecture monuments in Rome, Mamertain Prison was very unfamiliar for me at the first time I heard it. I guess it’s same to most of the people. I went there around 10 in the morning, and I was the first person who visited there. A woman who worked in there said she will turn on the light, and after 10 minutes of waiting, I could get in. Even it was relatively sunny day, after I went into the basement, it was very dark that I needed to turn on my phone flash light. I was by myself, in the dark prison, honestly I was scared. I almost heard ancient prisoner’s scream. About 10 minutes later, a woman came in and said the light was off and she turned on it for me. Anyways, it was very ‘prison’ experience for me. Close look at the Mamertine sign, on top of it proclaims ‘prison of the Saints and Apostles Peter and Paul’ 11072354_757767234338710_1925002541_n 11063087_757767291005371_1516755418_n This stairs bring people to the lower room of the prison, where prisoners were actually imprisoned. 11072200_757767304338703_2105681074_n Yes, it was this dark. In the basement, the manhole is the only natural light source. Back in the time, food was provided from this hole. In fact, in the old Roman time, the stairway did not exist. This hole was the only link between two chambers up and down. Prisoners were thrown to die slowly in the lower chamber. Prisoners were high offenders that 99% of them were going to surely executed. However they were already died before since the Mamertine’s original use was cistern. Cold water was filled in the cold rock prison, and there were no exits, no one for saving them. The filled water killed them and the bodies were emitted to the water. A tomb was such a luxury for them. 11041366_757767314338702_170142583_n These two people are Apostles Peter and Paul. They were keep the door locked.11040068_757767261005374_1461494658_n

This is the view from came out from the upper chamber. It is interesting to see the contrast between the prison space and outer Roman forum that represents Roman prosper.

Final Presentation

11047098_752269728221794_832590897_nHello! I’m in Istanbul now. Final presentation for the Rome project was Feb 25 Wednesday. We got hear yesterday, last day of February! In this post, I am going to go over my final presentation.

So my partner Frank and I got assigned the site with the Pantheon in the center, Basilica di Santa Maria sopra Minerva, San Eustachio, Palazzo Montecitorio, Piazza di San Silvestro, Fontana di piazza colonna and the Travi fountain around. More than first three weeks, in fact before the last few days of the final, we invested so much time to walk around the site and try to find out what’s the significant characteristic, things that we need to focus on.  And by the time we were going to leave Rome, I became an expert in that area, not only the physical way that what’s in there, but also our interpretation of the site. We started to list all the building by the timeline order. Date of restoration, when the obelisks were moved or built, Christianization, deconstruction or work ceased. Pantheon is the oldest, stand still on the site for a long time, so we concluded it is a sort of the focal point of our site. Based on that, other buildings were built in different times. When we start to looking into the details of the buildings, us two and everyone knows Pantheon has a role as a destination or guiding point on the site, however, Pantheon itself has a very unexpected truth. When people step into the building, in the center of the big dome, oculus brings the outside light into that giant space. Not only that, there is very ordered great coffering on the dome in scientific reason. It is totally different experience when you see it from the massive exterior. The other surprising thing is Minerva church. The church is right next to the Pantheon’s back corner. It seems like it is almost covered by the very famous monument Pantheon. Tourists can easily skip this church because when you passed the pantheon, the only noticeable thing that you can see from the Minerva church site is the elephant obelisk, since its façade is way simple compared to the surrounding building. I personally really like the façade in terms of giving a break among those all ornamental churches, however the real thing is happening from its interior. Compared to the plain façade, the church’s main structure is gothic style. While many other medieval churches in Rome, the Minerva is the only existing example of the gothic church building. Moreover, the ceiling of church is painted by the blue color with golden starts, the entire space makes me feel like I’m in the universe. The church also has important status; Micehlangelo’s Christ the Redeemer and so on. Some more things about the projects, The Montecitorio building is very private, government building, that I represented this condition as covered by surrounding buildings, and shows only facade that pretty much everything that public can access, and as a way of blocking the interior space. Compared to this, right next to the Montecitorio building, there’s Pizza Colonna which is also surround by the buildings all four directions but the Marcus Aurelius column is stood up in the middle of it, and make the whole space very noticeable to the public. Drawing reflects it as an axon to show column’s symbolization . One more thing to add, I made the circle shaped of the pantheon ceiling with the sunlight through the oculus is reflected, brought the elephant from the Minerva church’s obelisk and made his nose spin the disc. Everytime we explained different buildings, make the reflections of light toward that building, give an idea of discover and visibility.

We had Andrea Ponsi, Florentine architect our group met when we went to the Florence for our review with Ozayr. He talked about our project how he felt about it, beyond that what should we do more, how can we develop this in the future. What we had were mostly based on the existing map, perspective drawing from experience, analytical drawing from what we’ve seen, what’s exist on the site. He pointed out the ‘abstraction’ for the next step, which is based on the full understand of the site, basically what we did from his saying, put more personal interpretation or imagination in the drawing. He pointed out my disc pantheon ceiling as an example of abstraction. (Honestly I didn’t mean to haha) But it was really good point and the thing we really need to do further. After every comments about the project, our group were talking about what we’ve learn from the project or any general feelings, thoughts. Most of them had a great experience of working together as a partner, learn a lot from each other, at the same time, it was interesting to see that we can tell certain drawing is from certain person, that we can see the distinguished style from each drawings as a way of representing the site. We all a little bit frustrated at the beginning that when we had only some of the drawings for each group, but it was whole a lot different experience to see how all maps were combined, and it gave us an idea of the real eternal city of Rome. One thing I pointed out was about the scale. I, personally, try to fit my buildings into the site, based on the actual size of the base map, but when I saw the whole map, people exaggerate the most important part in their site, pull out as a bigger scale. That was my biggest struggle when I was working on my drawings, since everything looks very small, but I think as a designer, it also could be designer’s decision, and I appreciated people did that. Like always, it was good to be done, but I wish we have more days that I can do more. Honestly, even the last day, I was trying to produce the new drawing in the big scale. But I believe that’s the thing I learned for sure. From this mapping experience, like what the map do, connect everywhere, guide us to the certain destination, I believe all of us get something from drawings, and the final map guides us to the certain point as understanding Rome.



11026680_750492521732848_1054701950_n11047127_750492525066181_707025103_nTrain is always good place to keep myself in thoughts.

Among all kinds of  train, high-speed one is the best for sketch something, or do anything on the desk, otherwise I feel sick from the moving. Venice trip was in the between middle and the end of our 5 weeks of Rome schedule, Feb 12-15, and I was going to start the new sketchbook. On the train, I looked back the sketches I did for the first one. The other sketchbook that I was going to use from the Venice, the first a few pages of it was drawn the very first day. I really didn’t like to see them and feel bad about have those in my sketchbook even though it’s my drawing. And that’s the point I started to redraw something on the top of it.

I thought about the Rome as a mid point, and I want to figure out myself that I ripped up some pages and try to hide what I don’t like about my sketchbook, not just understand it as a process is normal? or very abnormal. I tried to right down the reason why I did that to myself, the closest conclusion I made was I feel sort of burden to make my sketch as a ‘drawing’, plus the Moleskin sketchbook (not the notebook) made me feel like that)  However still, I can’t tell what I did was right or no. After that thinking process, I tried to leave all as instant feelings, and I’m actually doing it now. (Actually now I changed my paper as the normal note)  Until now, I have an obsession to make a better looking ‘drawing’ but I’ll keep questioning myself.

Train has a meaning for leaving somewhere. One more thing I thought about myself was where am I now. I wandered around so many different places in the past few years and at certain point, I thought I was pretty settled in the States, but now I was in Rome and even leaving to Venice, on the train. So what..? Where am I? This will be the very endless question.

A pile of sketches

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Welcome back! I listed all the things I’ve interested in and there are so many unfinished writings. 3 days left for the final review, 6 days left in Rome. Even though I still need to work on final projects, I’m planning the last 3 days in Rome, made a list for must visit places before I leave, and sighing there are so many places I missed until now. Well let’s focus on final drawing first.

Today, I would like to talk about the sketches we made so far. Basically everyday in Rome was about sketch, sketch, and sketch. It took some times at the beginning that transaction from digital studio work what I had mostly done last semester to hand drawing and trying to make myself get out of ‘drawing’ and do sketches. I can say that is one of my problem, I talked with Ozayr about it too that I had obsession of making somewhat good drawing, certain point that I like and only can keep those ‘liked’ drawing in my sketchbook. I tore so many pages before that I felt ‘disgraceful’ to keep them with me. Umm It’s more like unorganized, rather than disgraceful haha (I worried about myself at that time that do I really have some sort of problem?) My goal myself at that time was just let it go. No matter I like or no, that’s what I did and it’s just part of process that I don’t need to get a stress from seeing those. It sounds ridiculous now, but I was pretty serious about it. I always had one sketchbook for my doodling and another for ‘drawing’ sketchbook. It was challenging for me to combine those two in one space because I can’t always ‘draw’ on the street for 5 minutes. (Someone has her secret messy note still) It was a good chance to think about myself, but I think it’s not about the quality issue. When I look back the sketchbook for the studio work process, I was fine with random penciling. Maybe it’s just categorizing? Or feel sort of burden to make it as a drawing, not a sketch. I was trying to get out of my boundary all the time and  it seems like actually working. I can tell the difference between first 10 pages and the last 10 pages of the first sketchbook.

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studio sketch

I love to sit everywhere and sketches, on the street, restaurant, just literally everywhere, anywhere and I’m appreciated that I’m with wonderful people to do with. It was not the only one time that when we sit on somewhere and do sketches, random people were taking picture of us. That was one of the pleasure of public sketching. At this point, remind what I wrote about the importance of drawing, I talked about drawing as a communication. One thing I think I did well to pursuing that was even though I brought my DSLR camera here, I never brought out except when we had trip to Venice. The main reason was I forgot where I put my memory card but the other (main main) reason was when I bring my camera with me, I know I will more focus on taking pictures. Without camera worked really well in terms of catching details, getting more chance to sit and take more time to draw. Those sketches I made is better way to communicate with people. Even just talking with my parents, one drawing tells more than my explanation. It contains not only the scene what I saw itself, but also what I felt about it what’s important in there as my understanding. Different types of drawing that I mentioned, this one month was the best time for experimenting everything. When I saw the reflection of the building from the rain on the ground, I really wanted to do watercolor right at that point. (I did later inside) Now I sent most of watercolor drawings as a postcard. I thought it’s romantic…  When I got assigned Pantheon for the term project, I was being more analytic about all those angles, numbers of columns, and so on. Rendering comes with everything. Like I said before, one of the biggest changes in the first sketchbook is the hatching angle. I always did with same angle but more like angular. After certain point, it changed to the 90 degree vertical lines. Ozayr’s effect! I feel rich having all those sketches, creating my personal collection. This was just the interim check. I’ll cover more later in other post.


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